Establishing Your Wyoming Business Nexus | Wyoming Registered Agent
Establishing Your Wyoming Company Nexus
Nexus. What is a business nexus?
The nexus of the corporation (or LLC) is all of the links or relationships that make the company operate together. Some of these include the state where the bank account is established, the listed phone numbers of the company, the mailing address of the company, and where any physical plant is located.
How does a state tax auditor view the nexus?
Different states in the U.S. define the corporate nexus in different ways. Massachusetts defines the corporate nexus as (830 CMR 63.39.1):
- the buying, selling or procuring of services or property;
- the execution of contracts;
- the exercise or enforcement of contract rights;
- the maintenance of a place of business;
- the employment of labor; and
- each and every other act, power, right, privilege or immunity exercised or enjoyed in Massachusetts as an incident to or by virtue of the powers and privileges acquired through corporate form.
While Massachusetts definition is seemingly all-inclusive, even they recognize many activities are not taxable. In Massachusetts Department of Revenue Ruling 05-8, we see that there are notable exceptions.
Public Law 86-272 (15 USC 381) Exemption
Passed by U.S. Congress in 1959, this law prohibits a state from imposing an income tax where a taxpayer’s activities are limited to soliciitation of orders by such person, or his representative, in such State for sales of tangible personal property, which orders are sent outside the State for approval or rejection, and, if approved, are filled by shipment or delivery from a point outside the State. This exemption is only for companies that sell tangible personal property, so for firms that offer a service or other product, it is unavailable.
Physical Presence Test
Most court challenges have focused on whether out of state corporations must pay sales tax in another state it sells products in. Cases like National Bellas Hess, Inc. v. Department of Revenue of Ill., and Quill Corp. v. North Dakota, have shown that a foreign company only pays tax in a state in which it has a physical presence.
Steps To Establishing Your Wyoming Nexus
- Establish a Wyoming corporation or LLC.
- Establish the company’s principal office address in Wyoming, either at your registered agent’s address, or another address you acquire in Wyoming.
- Establish a Wyoming phone number (307 area code) and have the number listed in directory assistance 411.
- Open a Wyoming based bank account, or a bank account that is not in your home state.